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Référendum sur la Souveraineté du Québec de 1995 - Point de Rupture (1de2)
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Tag Référendum sur la Souveraineté du Québec de 1995 - Point de Rupture (1de2)
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Description Intitulée Point de rupture, la série de quatre heures commence avec la défaite du camp du oui au référendum de 1980. Elle nous amène jusqu’à la dernière semaine de la campagne référendaire de 1995. Jacques Parizeau est alors premier ministre du Québec, Jean Chrétien, premier ministre à Ottawa, mais le personnage clé de cette nouvelle aventure, c’est Lucien Bouchard, qui après s’être fait amputer la jambe gauche en novembre 94, victime de la bactérie mangeuse de chair, est perçu comme un miraculé. Le reportage montre le grand jeu de Jacques Parizeau, qui était convaincu que les États-Unis reconnaîtraient le Québec indépendant avant la France, pour des raisons de géopolitique. Un mémorandum confidentiel de la consule américaine à Québec de l’époque révèle que les Américains étaient bien au fait de ce qui se passait chez leurs voisins du nord. La consule y prévient que le Canada et le Québec se dirigent vers des temps agités. Le reportage illustre aussi comment Jacques Parizeau s’y est pris pour désamorcer la campagne que les Cris du Québec menaient alors contre le gouvernement québécois sur la scène internationale. La révélation la plus surprenante du document vient de Raymond Chrétien, neveu de Jean Chrétien et ambassadeur du Canada à Washington en 1995. Lors d’une rencontre privée avec son oncle à New York, il se rend compte, interloqué, qu’Ottawa n’a pas de plan B advenant la victoire du oui. « Qu’est-ce que je dis au président Clinton si le Canada perd? Quel est notre message? Le verdict, on l’accepte, on le refuse? À quelles conditions? » Jean Chrétien, qui est à New York pour les célébrations du 50e anniversaire de l’ONU, demande alors l’aide des Américains, comme le rappelle James Blanchard, ancien ambassadeur des États-Unis au Canada. Le deuxième reportage de la série raconte la dernière semaine de la campagne référendaire, la plus grande implication de Jean Chrétien et des autres dirigeants politiques du Canada, le rassemblement de la Place du Canada, la soirée du 30 octobre et tout ce qui l’a entouré.

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